+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Deceased-infant carrying in nonhuman anthropoids: Insights from systematic analysis and case studies of bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) and lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus)



Deceased-infant carrying in nonhuman anthropoids: Insights from systematic analysis and case studies of bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) and lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus)



Journal of Comparative Psychology 2018



Existing models of attachment do not explain how death of offspring affects maternal behavior. Previous descriptions of maternal responsiveness to dead offspring in nonhuman anthropoids have not expounded the wide variation of deceased-infant carrying (DIC) behavior. Through the current study, we attempt to (a) identify determinants of DIC through a systematic survey across anthropoids, (b) quantitatively assess behavioral changes of mother during DIC, and (c) infer death perception of conspecifics. Firstly, we performed phylogenetic regression using duration of DIC as the dependent variable. Secondly, we undertook case studies of DIC in the bonnet monkey and the lion-tailed monkey through behavioral sampling. Results of phylogenetic Generalized Linear Mixed Model (Nspecies = 18; Ncases = 48) revealed a strong homology (H2 = 0.86). We also obtained a high intraspecific variation in DIC and found DIC to be affected by mother's age, context of death, habitat condition, and degree of arboreality. We found bonnet mothers to carry their deceased offspring for 3.56 ± 4.03 SD days (N = 7) with diminished feeding, enhanced passivity, and social isolation during DIC and progressive decline in protection/attentiveness of corpse and attachment. Following Anderson (2016)'s framework of death perception, we interpreted repeated sensory investigation of corpses by mothers as comprehending causality of death, inanimate handling of corpse and its defense as comprehension of non-functionality, and a progressive disinterest of mothers in them as perceiving irreversibility of death. Lastly, we integrated DIC with mother-infant attachment theories and proposed a conceptual model characterizing DIC with causal determinants. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 065746316

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30307263


Related references

MaleMale Relationships in Lion-tailed Macaques (Macaca silenus) and Bonnet Macaques (Macaca radiata). International Journal of Primatology 32(1): 167-176, 2011

Assessment of oocytes retrieved from stimulated and unstimulated ovaries of pig tailed macaques macaca nemestrina as a model to enhance the genetic diversity of captive lion tailed macaques macaca silenus. Zoo Biology (SUPPL 1): 33-46, 1989

Comparison of maternal infant and dyad troop interactions in lion tailed macaques macaca silenus. Heltne, P G (Ed ) Monographs in Primatology, Vol 7 The Lion-Tailed Macaque: Status And Conservation; Meeting X+411p Alan R Liss, Inc : New York, N Y , Usa Illus 265-268, 1985

Serogenetic analysis and the conservation of lion tailed macaques macaca silenus. Heltne, P G (Ed ) Monographs in Primatology, Vol 7 The Lion-Tailed Macaque: Status And Conservation; Meeting X+411p Alan R Liss, Inc : New York, N Y , Usa Illus 195-220, 1985

Comparative social behavior of adult female rhesus macaques macaca mulatta and bonnet macaques macaca radiata. Zeitschrift fuer Tierpsychologie 59(1): 1-6, 1982

Lion-tailed macaques Macaca silenus. Unknown, 1990

Mhc class II DRB sequences of lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus). Tissue Antigens 62(3): 267-269, 2003

Lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) manufacture and use tools. Journal of Comparative Psychology 102(2): 152-159, 1988

Vocal communication in lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus). Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology 45(3-4): 148-178, 1985

Experimental group encounters as a means of social stimulation for captive lion-tailed macaques Macaca silwnus Experimentelle Gruppenbegegnungen als Mittel zur sozialen Stimulans bei in Menschenhand gehaltenen Bartaffen Macaca silenus. Zoologische Garten. Februar; 681: 45-55, 1998

A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques Macaca silenus. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 108(1-2): 191-195, 2007

Experimental intergroup encounters in lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus). Primate Report. Jan; 59: 77-92, 2001

Personality traits in captive lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus). American Journal of Primatology 67(2): 177-198, 2005

Notes on the ethogram of captive lion tailed macaques macaca silenus. Heltne, P G (Ed ) Monographs in Primatology, Vol 7 The Lion-Tailed Macaque: Status And Conservation; Meeting X+411p Alan R Liss, Inc : New York, N Y , Usa Illus 239-264, 1985

Brief communication: Morphometric data for adult lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 85(2): 233-236, 1991