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Impact of place of residence on the presentation of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in a cohort with metabolic syndrome



Impact of place of residence on the presentation of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in a cohort with metabolic syndrome



Revista Espanola de Salud Publica 92



In order to clarify the relation between deprivation and morbillity and mortality, in function of different residence places, we design this study. Main objective is to analyze the influence of place of residence on the incidence of cardiovascular events (CVD) and general mortality from any cause, in a cohort with metabolic syndrome. Prospective study to determine the incidence of CVD according to the place of residence (rural, urban) in individuals with different combinations of clinical features of Metabolic Syndrome (MS). Setting: Primary Care, Catalonia (Spain). Subjects: between 35-75 years of age fulfilling SM criteria, without CVD at the beginning of follow-up (2009). The population was stratified according to the MEDEA index in rural, and within urban areas in 5 subcategories (urban1 - urban5), according to their level of deprivation. We performed descriptive statistics, variance analysis and survival curves (Kaplan-Meier and Cox methods) in order to contrast data from different categories. We analyzed 401,743 subjects with MS (17.2% of the Catalan population); 20.1% resided in rural areas. Their average age ranged between 60.5 + 9.6 years in urban area 1 (most favored) and 59.6 + 10.4 years in urban area 5 (the most precarious). After 5 years of follow-up, the global incidence of CVD was 5.5%, being slightly lower in rural areas (5%) than in urban areas (between 5.5% -5.8%). On the other hand, mortality was higher in the rural area (859 deaths/100000 inhabitants-year) - than in the rest of the areas (minimum value in urban-3 (736 deaths/100000 inhabitants-year)). The place of residence is a risk marker, which is associated with the incidence of CVD but above all, with higher mortality from all causes in patients with MS. Undoubtedly and leaving aside the possible confounding factors, in the socioeconomically most disadvantaged areas, mortality is increased. Con el fin de evidenciar la posible relación entre deprivación y morbimortalidad, enmarcada en diferentes lugares de residencia, diseñamos el presente estudio. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la influencia del lugar de residencia sobre la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares (ECV) y de mortalidad general por cualquier causa, en una cohorte con síndrome metabólico. Estudio prospectivo para determinar la incidencia de ECV según el lugar de residencia (rural, urbano) en individuos con distintas combinaciones de rasgos clínicos de Síndrome Metabólico (SM). El emplazamiento del mismo fue la Atención Primaria de Cataluña (España). Los sujetos de estudio fueron personas de entre 35-75 años de edad, que cumplían los criterios de SM, sin ECV al inicio del seguimiento (2009). La población se estratificó según el índice MEDEA en rural, y dentro de áreas urbanas en 5 subcategorías (urbano1 – urbano5), según su nivel de deprivación. Se realizó estadística descriptiva, análisis de la varianza y curvas de supervivencia (Kaplan-Meier, método de Cox) para contrastar los diferentes grupos categóricos. Se analizaron 401.743 sujetos con SM (17,2% de la población catalana); 20,1% residían en áreas rurales. Su edad media osciló entre 60,5 + 9,6 años en área urbana 1 (la más favorecida) y 59,6 + 10,4 años en área urbana 5 (la más precaria). A los 5 años de seguimiento, la incidencia global de ECV fue del 5,5%, siendo ligeramente menor en ámbito rural (5%) que en los urbanos (entre 5,5-5,8%). En cambio, la mortalidad fue superior en el ámbito rural (859 casos/100000 habitantes-año) - que en el resto de áreas (mínimo valor en urbano-3 (736 casos/100000 habitantes-año)). El lugar de residencia constituye un marcador de riesgo, que se asocia a la incidencia de ECV pero sobre todo, a una mayor mortalidad por todas las causas, en pacientes con SM. Sin duda y dejando de lado los posibles factores de confusión, en las áreas socioeconómicamente más desfavorecidas, la mortalidad está aumentada.

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Accession: 065812444

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PMID: 30250017


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