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Increased inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress and oxidative stress in endothelial and macrophage cells exacerbate atherosclerosis in ApoCIII transgenic mice



Increased inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress and oxidative stress in endothelial and macrophage cells exacerbate atherosclerosis in ApoCIII transgenic mice



Lipids in Health and Disease 17(1): 220



Overexpression of apolipoprotein CIII (ApoCIII) leads to hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) which promotes atherosclerosis development. However, it remains unclear whether ApoCIII affects the atherosclerosis alone by promoting the inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, or in combination with HTG. Transgenic (ApoCIIItg) mouse models were used to investigate the atherogenic role of ApoCIII. Since endothelial cells and macrophages play crucial roles in atherosclerosis, we examined whether triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs), the major lipoproteins, in plasma of ApoCIIItg mice affect inflammation and ER stress levels in these cells. To further investigate the role of ApoCIII and triglyceride, we incubated HUVECs cells and peritoneal macrophages with TRLs with or without ApoCIII. Increased inflammation and ER stress were found in the aorta of ApoCIIItg mice. TRLs increased ER stress and oxidative stress in HUVECs and macrophages in a dose dependent. Moreover, TRLs together with ApoCIII could induce a higher inflammation level than TRLs alone in these cells. Both TRLs and ApoCIII contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis, and the modulation of TRLs and ApoCIII may represent a novel therapeutic approach against HTG induced atherosclerosis.

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Accession: 065815660

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PMID: 30223835

DOI: 10.1186/s12944-018-0867-5


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