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Increasing fluorescence lifetime for resolution improvement in STED nanoscopy

Increasing fluorescence lifetime for resolution improvement in STED nanoscopy

Journal of Biophotonics 2018: E201800315

Super-resolution microscopy (SRM) has had a substantial impact on the biological sciences due to its ability to observe tiny objects less than 200 nm in size. Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy represents a major category of these SRM techniques that can achieve diffraction-unlimited resolution based on a purely optical modulation of fluorescence behaviors. Here, we investigated how the laser beams affect fluorescence lifetime in both confocal and STED imaging modes. The results showed that with increasing illumination time, the fluorescence lifetime in two kinds of fluorescent microspheres had an obvious change in STED imaging mode, compared that in confocal imaging mode. As a result, the reduction of saturation intensity induced by the increase of fluorescence lifetime can improve the STED imaging resolution at the same depletion power. The phenomenon was also observed in Star635P labeled human Nup153 in fixed HeLa cells, which can be treated as a reference for the synthesis of fluorescent labels with the sensitivity to the surrounding environment for resolution improvement in STED nanoscopy. The influence of laser beams on the fluorescence lifetime of 40 nm fluorescent microspheres in confocal and STED imaging modes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Accession: 065815968

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PMID: 30485672

DOI: 10.1002/jbio.201800315

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