+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Influence of natural variation in berry size on the volatile profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot and Cabernet Gernischt grapes



Influence of natural variation in berry size on the volatile profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot and Cabernet Gernischt grapes



Plos one 13(9): E0201374



This study was conducted during the 2014 and 2015 vintages on Vitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot and Cabernet Gernischt to investigate whether natural variation in berry size could affect grape aromatic compounds. Grape berries were separated into three size categories based on their diameter: small, middle and large. The results showed that berry size exerted a significant influence on the volatile profiles of both winegrape varieties. Hierarchical clustering analysis demonstrated that the volatile profiles of middle berries were different from those of large and small berries. Middle berries had the greatest abundance of aroma compounds, followed by small and large berries. Especially, C6/C9 compounds, norisoprenoids, terpenoids showed markedly different concentrations among differently sized Merlot berries and C6/C9 compounds, terpenoids among differently sized Cabernet Gernischt berries. Middle berries of both grape varieties may possess the greatest intensity of fresh-green, fruity and floral aromas due to the high odour activity values (OAVs) of decanal, hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (E)-β-damascenone and β-ionone in middle sizes of Merlot berries and the high OAVs of (E)-2-hexenal and (E)-β-damascenone in middle sizes of Cabernet Gernischt berries. This knowledge could be important for winemakers to conduct targeted berry sorting, thereby improving the aromatic quality of grapes.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065817697

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30231031

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201374


Related references

Influences of Berry Size on Fruit Composition and Wine Quality of Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' Grapes. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture 39(1): 67-76, 2018

Phenolic profiles and antioxidant properties of young wines made from Yan73 (Vitis vinifera L.) and Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis vinifera L.) grapes treated by 24-epibrassinolide. Molecules 19(7): 10189-10207, 2014

Effects of Regulated Deficit Irrigation on Amino Acid Profiles and Their Derived Volatile Compounds in Cabernet Sauvignon ( Vitis vinifera L.) Grapes and Wines. Molecules 23(8):, 2018

Influence of the harvest date on berry compositions and wine profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' under a semiarid continental climate over two consecutive years. Food Chemistry 292: 237-246, 2019

Impact of Clonal Variability on Phenolics and Radical Scavenging Activity of Grapes and Wines: A Study on the Recently Developed Merlot and Cabernet Franc Clones (Vitis vinifera L.). Plos one 11(10): E0163823, 2016

Evolution of volatile compounds during the development of cabernet sauvignon grapes (Vitis vinifera L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57(9): 3818-3830, 2009

Phenolic composition and physicochemical parameters of Carmenere, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Cabernet Franc grape seeds Vitis vinifera L during ripening. 2012

Comparison of major volatile compounds from Riesling and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) from fruitset to harvest. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 16(2): 337-348, 2010

Double maturation raisonnée: the impact of on-vine berry dehydration on the berry and wine composition of Merlot (Vitis vinifera L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 97(14): 4835-4846, 2017

Influence of Foliar Particle Film under Deficit Irrigation on Free and Bound Volatiles of cv. Merlot (Vitis vinifera L.) Grapes. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 62(3): 409A-410A, 2011

Influence of abscisic acid in triggering veraison in grape berry skins of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin 40(1): 7-14, 2006

Comparative analysis of the dynamic proteomic profiles in berry skin between red and white grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) during fruit coloration. Scientia Horticulturae 164: 238-248, 2013

Reproductive performance of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot (Vitis vinifera L.) is affected when grafted to rootstocks. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 19(3): 409-421, 2013

Identification of procyanidin A2 in grape and wine of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot noir Cabernet Sauvignon. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin 35(1): 51-56, Janvier-Mars, 2001

Some volatile components of wines of Vitis vinifera varieties Cabernet-Sauvignon and Ruby Cabernet. II. Acidic compounds. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic 20: 25-31. bibl. 9, 1969