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In situ phase transition of microemulsions for parenteral injection yielding lyotropic liquid crystalline carriers of the antitumor drug bufalin

In situ phase transition of microemulsions for parenteral injection yielding lyotropic liquid crystalline carriers of the antitumor drug bufalin

Colloids and Surfaces. B Biointerfaces 173: 217-225

ISSN/ISBN: 0927-7765

PMID: 30296646

DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.09.023

In this work, we used the small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) method for controlled preparation of in situ forming sustained-release carriers for the antitumor drug bufalin (BUF), which has very poor solubility and a considerable cardiotoxicity in a non-encapsulated state. To that aim, we exploited the pseudo-ternary phase diagram of an oil(O)/surfactant(S)/water(W) system containing medium chain capric/caprylic triglycerides (MCT) and a co-surfactant blend of Macrogol (15)-hydroxystearate (Solutol HS 15) and sorbitan monooleate (Span 80). Two compositions with different oil contents (sample B and C) were selected from the microemulsion region of the phase diagram in order to study the effect of the aqueous environment on their structural behavior. A phase transition from a microemulsion (ME) to a liquid crystalline phase (LC) was established by SAXS upon progressive dilution. The drug bufalin (BUF) was encapsulated in the microemulsions with low viscosity, whereas the release of the drug occurred from the in situ generated lamellar liquid crystalline structures. The formulations were characterized by SAXS, dynamic light scattering (DLS), cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM), rheology, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency, and in vitro release profiles. A correlation was suggested between the structures of the in situ phase-transition formed LCME formulations, the differences in their viscosities and drug release profiles. The performed cytotoxicity, cell apoptosis and pharmacokinetic experiments showed an enhanced bioavailability of BUF after encapsulation. These results suggest potential clinical applications for the obtained safe in situ phase-transition sustained-release formulations of BUF.

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Accession: 065820055

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