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Nucleophilic versus Electrophilic Reactivity of Bioinspired Superoxido Nickel(II) Complexes

Nucleophilic versus Electrophilic Reactivity of Bioinspired Superoxido Nickel(II) Complexes

Angewandte Chemie 57(45): 14883-14887

The formation and detailed spectroscopic characterization of the first biuret-containing monoanionic superoxido-NiII intermediate [LNiO2 ]- as the Li salt [2; L=MeN[C(=O)NAr)2 ; Ar=2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 )] is reported. It results from oxidation of the corresponding [Li(thf)3 ]2 [LNiII Br2 ] complex M with excess H2 O2 in the presence of Et3 N. The [LNiO2 ]- core of 2 shows an unprecedented nucleophilic reactivity in the oxidative deformylation of aldehydes, in stark contrast to the electrophilic character of the previously reported neutral Nacnac-containing superoxido-NiII complex 1, [L'NiO2 ] (L'=CH(CMeNAr)2 ). According to density-functional theory (DFT) calculations, the remarkably different behaviour of 1 versus 2 can be attributed to their different charges and a two-state reactivity, in which a doublet ground state and a nearby spin-polarized doublet excited-state both contribute in 1 but not in 2. The unexpected nucleophilicity of the superoxido-NiII core of 2 suggests that such a reactivity may also play a role in catalytic cycles of Ni-containing oxygenases and oxidases.

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Accession: 065862381

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PMID: 30204293

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201808085

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