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Silver-nanoparticles-loaded chitosan foam as a flexible SERS substrate for active collecting analytes from both solid surface and solution

Silver-nanoparticles-loaded chitosan foam as a flexible SERS substrate for active collecting analytes from both solid surface and solution

Talanta 191: 241-247

Here, we report a dual-use surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate based on a flexible three-dimensional (3D) chitosan foam, onto which silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are firmly immobilized through amino groups from chitosan chains. The SERS substrate can actively collect analytes either on solid surface by swabbing or in solution by adsorption. The compressible characteristic of chitosan foam enables easy removal of solvent through gentle pressing, which can achieve fast pre-concentrating of analytes before measurements. In addition, the substrate is shape adaptable and thus is suitable for sampling contaminants on solid surfaces. The SERS substrates exhibit acceptable reproducibility (16.4% in relative standard deviation). Furthermore, it detects Raman probe Nile Blue A down to 5 pg by swabbing solid surface and Rhodamine 6G down to 10 ppb by adsorbing analyte in the solution. Three pesticide samples (triazophos, methidathion, and isocarbophos) can also be detected down to μg level with the substrate. It is believed that such a versatile SERS substrate may find great opportunity in realistic sensing applications.

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Accession: 065917298

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30262057

DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2018.08.067

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