The efficacy and safety of herbal medicine BHH10 in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: study protocol for a phase II, multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial
Cho, Y.; Lee, S.; Kim, J.; Kang, J.W.; Baek, Y.-H.; Seo, B.-K.; Lee, J.-D.
Trials 19(1): 482
ISSN/ISBN: 1745-6215 PMID: 30201024 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-018-2854-6
Osteoporosis is becoming more prevalent in aging societies worldwide, and the economic burden attributable to osteoporotic fractures is substantial. The medications presently available to treat osteoporosis have side effects, and the development of safer and more effective treatments is urgently needed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BHH10, a traditional Korean herbal medicine, in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. This is a phase II, multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial and will include 168 postmenopausal women aged 55 years and older with osteoporosis. The participants will be recruited competitively from two sites of the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department of Kyung Hee University Hospital of Korean Medicine, either Hoegidong or Gangdong in Seoul, Korea. Participants will be assigned randomly to one of two groups, the BHH10 group or the placebo group, in a 1:1 ratio, and will have five scheduled visits. Participants will take two tablets of BHH10 or placebo three times daily for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy outcome is the change in bone mineral density at the lumbar spine (L1-4) between baseline (visit 1) and 12 weeks after randomization (visit 5). Other outcome variables include changes in bone turnover markers, the Deficiency Syndrome of the Kidney Index, EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire score, and laboratory parameters, as well as adverse events. To our knowledge, this will be the first clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of BHH10 in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. It is anticipated that the results will contribute to the development of traditional herbal medicines that can be used to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in Korea. If the superiority of BHH10 over placebo is demonstrated, this study could provide the foundation for a phase III clinical trial. The results of the study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. Clinical Research Information Service, KCT0001842 . Registered on 14 March 2016.