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The fate of the downstream aorta after open aortic repair for acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection: total arch replacement with elephant trunk technique versus non-total arch replacement†



The fate of the downstream aorta after open aortic repair for acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection: total arch replacement with elephant trunk technique versus non-total arch replacement†



European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 55(5): 966-974



The aim of this study was to evaluate the fate of the downstream aorta following open aortic repair for acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection comparing total arch replacement (TAR) with the elephant trunk (ET) technique versus non-total arch replacement (non-TAR). From October 1999 to December 2016, 267 patients underwent open repair for acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection. A tear-oriented strategy was mainly used to determine the extent of graft replacement. Hospital mortality was 10.0% (12/120 patients) in the TAR group and 17.0% (25/147 patients) in the non-TAR group (P = 0.070). Late outcomes were compared in 230 hospital survivors (TAR: n = 108 and non-TAR: n = 122). Mean follow-up was 6.5 ± 4.6 years. The aortic diameters were measured at 4 levels, across 6 time points using computed tomography. Freedom from additional aortic surgery for distal dilation was significantly better in the TAR group than the non-TAR group (TAR: 97.5 ± 1.8% at 5 years and non-TAR: 88.2 ± 3.4% at 5 years, P = 0.045). Freedom from a distal aortic event was also significantly better in the TAR group compared with the non-TAR group (TAR: 97.2 ± 1.6% at 5 years and non-TAR: 80.7 ± 4.2% at 5 years, P = 0.013). In the non-TAR group, the aortic arch diameter significantly increased (P < 0.001). Significant aortic remodelling occurred at the proximal descending aorta in the TAR with ET group (P < 0.001). The TAR with ET reduced the need for additional distal aortic repair compared to non-TAR. TAR with ET prevented unfavourable aortic growth in both the aortic arch and the proximal descending aorta.

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Accession: 065941366

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30481293

DOI: 10.1093/ejcts/ezy381


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