X-ray irradiation effects on nuclear and membrane regions of single SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells investigated by Raman micro-spectroscopy
Delfino, I.; Perna, G.; Ricciardi, V.; Lasalvia, M.; Manti, L.; Capozzi, V.; Lepore, M.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 164: 557-573
Raman micro-spectroscopy was performed in vitro on nuclear and membrane regions of single SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells after irradiation by graded X-ray doses (2, 4, 6, 8 Gy). The acquired spectra were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and interval-PCA (i-PCA) methods. Biochemical changes occurring in the different regions of single cells as a consequence of the radiation exposure were observed in cells fixed immediately after the irradiation. The most relevant effects arose from the analysis of the spectra from the cell nucleus region. The observed changes were discussed in terms of the modifications in the cell cycle, resulting in an increase in the DNA-related signal, a protein rearrangement and changes in lipid and carbohydrates profiles within the nucleus. Potential markers of an apoptotic process in cell population irradiated with 6 and 8-Gy X-ray doses could have been singled out. No significant effects were found in spectra from cells fixed 24 h after the irradiation, thus suggesting the occurrence of repairing processes of the X-ray induced damage.