+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Zinc and copper concentration do not differentiate bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder



Zinc and copper concentration do not differentiate bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder



Psychiatria Polska 52(3): 449-457



The aim of this study was to compare the zinc and copper concentration in the group of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). 110 patients with the diagnosis of BD and 114 with MDD were qualified to the study. To assess the levels of microelements, the flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was used in the case of zinc and the electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) was used in the case of copper. There were no differences between concentration of zinc and copper in remission and depressive phase between patients with BD and MDD. Additionally, there were also no statistically significant differences in comparisons including type I and II, early or late phase of BD and MDD. The lack of differences in zinc and copper concentrations between patients with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder might indicate that those disorders have similar etiology.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 065974900

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30218561


Related references

Subcortical volumes differentiate Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, and remitted Major Depressive Disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research 68: 91-98, 2016

Neural activity to intense positive versus negative stimuli can help differentiate bipolar disorder from unipolar major depressive disorder in depressed adolescents: a pilot fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 214(3): 277-284, 2014

Comparing the phenomenology of depressive episodes in bipolar I and II disorder and major depressive disorder within bipolar disorder pedigrees. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 76(1): 32-8; Quiz 39, 2015

Putative transcriptomic biomarkers in the inflammatory cytokine pathway differentiate major depressive disorder patients from control subjects and bipolar disorder patients. Plos One 9(3): E91076, 2015

Antidepressant-associated mood elevations in bipolar II disorder compared with bipolar I disorder and major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 69(10): 1589-1601, 2009

Circadian Rhythm Characteristics in Mood Disorders: Comparison among Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder and Recurrent Major Depressive Disorder. Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience 10(2): 110-116, 2013

Add-on high frequency deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) to bilateral prefrontal cortex in depressive episodes of patients with major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder I, and major depressive with alcohol use disorders. Neuroscience Letters 671: 128-132, 2018

Comparison of depressive episodes in bipolar disorder and in major depressive disorder within bipolar disorder pedigrees. British Journal of Psychiatry 199(4): 303-309, 2011

A meta-analysis of the risk of major affective disorder in relatives of individuals affected by major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders 158: 37-47, 2015

Prospective study of clinical predictors of suicidal acts after a major depressive episode in patients with major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 161(8): 1433-1441, 2004

Differentiating the everyday emotion dynamics of borderline personality disorder from major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Personality Disorders 9(2): 192-196, 2017

Does Borderline Personality Disorder Manifest Itself Differently in Patients With Bipolar Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder?. Journal of Personality Disorders 29(6): 847-853, 2016

The effect of comorbid major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder on cognitive behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders 162: 61-66, 2014

Major depressive disorder, suicidal behaviour, bipolar disorder, and generalised anxiety disorder among emerging adults with and without chronic health conditions. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 25(5): 462-474, 2015

Meta-analysis of the association between N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibodies and schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. Schizophrenia Research 157(1-3): 249-258, 2015