Chromosomal translocations and semen quality: a study on 144 male translocation carriers
Mayeur, A.; Ahdad, N.; Hesters, L.; Brisset, S.; Romana, S.; Tosca, L.; Tachdjian, G.ér.; Frydman, N.
Reproductive Biomedicine Online 38(1): 46-55
ISSN/ISBN: 1472-6491 PMID: 30518499 DOI: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.10.003
Chromosomal translocations are known genetic causes of male infertility. Are certain translocations or chromosomal regions more directly associated with sperm defects? Is there a threshold of sperm impairment that can be relevant for detection of translocations? This is a monocentric retrospective observational study covering a 10-year period. Eighty-one patients carrying a reciprocal translocation (RCT) and 63 carrying a Robertsonian translocation (ROBT) were compared with 105 fertile patients. Semen quality before and after sperm migration was compared. The aims were to define whether a threshold based on sperm analysis could be proposed for detection of translocations and to identify whether some redundant chromosomal regions might be associated with sperm quality defects. The number of progressive spermatozoa retrieved after sperm preparation (NPS-ASP) was altered in both RCT and ROBT carriers compared with controls, with a stronger alteration in ROBT. Based on the NPS-ASP results in this large group of translocation carriers, a relatively robust threshold, fixed at less than 5 million, may be proposed for detection of translocations. The alteration of NPS-ASP was independent of the chromosome involved in ROBT, while in RCT, four redundant chromosomal regions (1q21, 6p21, 16q21, 17q11.2) were associated with poor or very poor NPS-ASP. The NPS-ASP appears to be a good parameter to assess sperm function and would be a useful tool to detect chromosomal translocations. Four redundant regions have been identified on four chromosomes, suggesting that they may contain genes of interest to study sperm functions.