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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma segmentation based on enhanced convolutional neural networks using multi-modal metric learning

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma segmentation based on enhanced convolutional neural networks using multi-modal metric learning

Physics in Medicine and Biology 64(2): 025005

Multi-modality examinations have been extensively applied in current clinical cancer management. Leveraging multi-modality medical images can be highly beneficial for automated tumor segmentation as they provide complementary information that could make the segmentation of tumors more accurate. This paper investigates CNN-based methods for automated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) segmentation using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images. Specially, a multi-modality convolutional neural network (M-CNN) is designed to jointly learn a multi-modal similarity metric and segmentation of paired CT-MR images. By jointly optimizing the similarity learning error and the segmentation error, the feature learning processes of both modalities are mutually guided. In doing so, the segmentation sub-networks are able to take advantage of the other modality's information. Considering that each modality possesses certain distinctive characteristics, we combine the higher-layer features extracted by a single-modality CNN (S-CNN) and M-CNN to form a combined CNN (C-CNN) for each modality, which is able to further utilize the complementary information of different modalities and improve the segmentation performance. The proposed M-CNN and C-CNN were evaluated on 90 CT-MR images of NPC patients. Experimental results demonstrate that our methods achieve improved segmentation performance compared to their counterparts without multi-modal information fusion and the existing CNN-based multi-modality segmentation methods.

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Accession: 065984148

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30524024

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/aaf5da

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