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Automatic Tube Current Modulation and Tube Voltage Selection in Pediatric Computed Tomography: A Phantom Study on Radiation Dose and Image Quality



Automatic Tube Current Modulation and Tube Voltage Selection in Pediatric Computed Tomography: A Phantom Study on Radiation Dose and Image Quality



Investigative Radiology 54(5): 265-272



The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a modern automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) and automatic tube voltage selection (ATVS) system on radiation dose and image quality in pediatric head, and torso computed tomography (CT) examinations for various clinical indications. Four physical anthropomorphic phantoms that represent the average individual as neonate, 1-year-old, 5-year-old, and 10-year-old child were used. Standard head, thorax, and abdomen/pelvis acquisitions were performed with (1) fixed tube current, (2) ATCM, and (3) ATVS. Acquisitions were performed at various radiation dose levels to generate images at different levels of quality. Reference volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), reference image noise, and reference contrast-to-noise ratios were determined. The potential dose reductions with ATCM and ATVS were assessed. The percent reduction of CTDIvol with ATCM ranged from 8% to 24% for head, 16% to 39% for thorax, and 25% to 41% for abdomen/pelvis. The percent reduction of CTDIvol with ATVS varied on the clinical indication. In CT angiography, ATVS resulted to the highest dose reduction, which was up to 70% for head, 77% for thorax, and 34% for abdomen/pelvis. In noncontrast examinations, ATVS increased dose by up to 21% for head, whereas reduced dose by up to 34% for thorax and 48% for abdomen/pelvis. In pediatric CT, the use of ATCM significantly reduces radiation dose and maintains image noise. The additional use of ATVS reduces further the radiation dose for thorax and abdomen/pelvis, and maintains contrast-to-noise ratio for the specified clinical diagnostic task.

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Accession: 066017953

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30562273

DOI: 10.1097/rli.0000000000000537


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