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Specification and formation of the neural crest: Perspectives on lineage segregation

Specification and formation of the neural crest: Perspectives on lineage segregation

Genesis 2018: E23276-E23276

The neural crest is a fascinating embryonic population unique to vertebrates that is endowed with remarkable differentiation capacity. Thought to originate from ectodermal tissue, neural crest cells generate neurons and glia of the peripheral nervous system, and melanocytes throughout the body. However, the neural crest also generates many ectomesenchymal derivatives in the cranial region, including cell types considered to be of mesodermal origin such as cartilage, bone, and adipose tissue. These ectomesenchymal derivatives play a critical role in the formation of the vertebrate head, and are thought to be a key attribute at the center of vertebrate evolution and diversity. Aberrant neural crest cell development and differentiation is the root cause of many human pathologies, including cancers, rare syndromes, and birth malformations. In this review, we discuss the current findings of neural crest cell ontogeny, and consider tissue, cell, and molecular contributions towards neural crest formation. We further provide current perspectives into the molecular network involved during the segregation of the neural crest lineage. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Accession: 066029950

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30576078

DOI: 10.1002/dvg.23276

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