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Induction of arthritis in chickens by infection with novel virulent Salmonella Pullorum strains



Induction of arthritis in chickens by infection with novel virulent Salmonella Pullorum strains



Veterinary Microbiology 228: 165-172



Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Pullorum (Salmonella Pullorum) is a host-specific serovar causing systemic infection with high mortality in young chicks. Pullorum disease is characterized by white diarrhea. However, arthritis has become increasingly frequent recently, particularly in southern China. The aim of the present study was to determine the pathogenesis and arthritis induction of new Salmonella Pullorum isolates. We isolated and identified five Salmonella Pullorum strains from broilers with bacterial arthritis and lameness in a commercial poultry farm. Four of five isolates were resistant to at least three classes of antibiotics and were defined as multidrug-resistant Salmonella Pullorum. All isolates had the same CRISPR sequence type and belonged to a single major cluster. The isolates exhibited high capability of biofilm formation, which may facilitate their dispersal and survival in hostile habitats, and showed high virulence based on embryo lethality and inoculation of newly hatched chicks. Tissue distribution analysis confirmed that SP1621 was more adapted to colonize the joint when compared to the white diarrhoea-causing Salmonella Pullorum reference strain S06004. Reproducible arthritis and typical joint lesions were observed in SP1621-infected chicks, and histopathological examination showed necrotic synovitis and cartilage tissue hyperplasia of the joint. Koch's postulates were confirmed when the novel Salmonella Pullorum strain was re-isolated from the joint tissues of experimentally inoculated chicks. These novel Salmonella Pullorum isolates have unique ability to induce arthritis in chickens, representing expanded pathogenic diversity in China. These results suggest the need for strict control strategies and new vaccines to prevent the disease.

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Accession: 066045400

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30593363

DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.11.032


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