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Development of a new ball-type phantom for evaluation of the image layer of panoramic radiography



Development of a new ball-type phantom for evaluation of the image layer of panoramic radiography



Imaging Science in Dentistry 48(4): 255-259



This study proposes a new ball-type phantom for evaluation of the image layer of panoramic radiography. The arch shape of an acrylic resin phantom was derived from average data on the lower dental arch in Korean adult males. Metal balls with a 2-mm diameter were placed along the center line of the phantom at a 4-mm mesiodistal interval. Additional metal balls were placed along the 22 arch-shaped lines that ran parallel to the center line at 2-mm buccolingual intervals. The height of each ball in the horizontal plane was spaced by 2.5 mm, and consequently, the balls appeared oblique when viewed from the side. The resulting phantom was named the Panorama phantom. The distortion rate of the balls in the acquired image was measured by automatically calculating the difference between the vertical and horizontal length using MATLAB®. Image layer boundaries were obtained by applying various distortion rate thresholds. Most areas containing metal balls (91.5%) were included in the image layer with a 50% distortion rate threshold. When a 5% distortion rate threshold was applied, the image layer was formed with a small buccolingual width along the arch-shaped center line. However, it was medially located in the temporomandibular joint region. The Panorama phantom could be used to evaluate the image layer of panoramic radiography, including all mesiodistal areas with large buccolingual width.

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Accession: 066057778

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30607349

DOI: 10.5624/isd.2018.48.4.255


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