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Endoscopic variceal ligation as primary prophylaxis for oesophageal variceal bleeding at a Malaysian tertiary hospital



Endoscopic variceal ligation as primary prophylaxis for oesophageal variceal bleeding at a Malaysian tertiary hospital



Medical Journal of Malaysia 73(6): 361-364



Approximately one-third of patients with esophageal varices will develop bleeding which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis. Currently, the two most widely used modalities to prevent variceal bleeding are pharmacologic and oendoscopic variceal band ligation (EVL). However, EVL has been associated with significant complications. Hence we aim to evaluate and to identify the epidemiology, demography, and complications of EVL at our local Malaysian tertiary hospital. This is a retrospective study of all the patients that had undergone endoscopic variceal surveillance at the Gastroenterology endoscopy unit, Serdang Hospital from 1st January 2015 to 31st March 2017. Patients' demography, aetiologies of liver cirrhosis, platelet level and international normalised ratio (INR) prior banding procedure, and the post EVL complications were recorded and further analysed with SPSS version 16. In this study, 105 patients were screened for varices. Fifty-five of them had undergone EVL, with a quarter of the patients requiring repeated ligation. There was a male preponderance with 76.4%. 56.4% of patients were in age from 40-59 years. The majority of our patients were of the Malay ethnicity. The major aetiology for liver cirrhosis in our patients was viral hepatitis with Hepatitis C (31.0%), and Hepatitis B (20.0%). Most of our patients had platelet count >50,000 and INR <1.5 prior to EVL. There was no major complication in all of our subjects. EVL is relatively safe and feasible treatment for prevention of oesophageal variceal bleeds with a low complication rate.

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Accession: 066093110

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PMID: 30647204


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