A direct volume rendering visualization approach for serial PET-CT scans that preserves anatomical consistency
Jung, Y.; Kim, J.; Bi, L.; Kumar, A.; Feng, D.D.; Fulham, M.
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery 14(5): 733-744
ISSN/ISBN: 1861-6429 PMID: 30661169 DOI: 10.1007/s11548-019-01916-2
Our aim was to develop an interactive 3D direct volume rendering (DVR) visualization solution to interpret and analyze complex, serial multi-modality imaging datasets from positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). Our approach uses: (i) a serial transfer function (TF) optimization to automatically depict particular regions of interest (ROIs) over serial datasets with consistent anatomical structures; (ii) integration of a serial segmentation algorithm to interactively identify and track ROIs on PET; and (iii) parallel graphics processing unit (GPU) implementation for interactive visualization. Our DVR visualization more easily identifies changes in ROIs in serial scans in an automated fashion and parallel GPU computation which enables interactive visualization. Our approach provides a rapid 3D visualization of relevant ROIs over multiple scans, and we suggest that it can be used as an adjunct to conventional 2D viewing software from scanner vendors.