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Improving Adolescent Health Services across High Priority Districts in 6 States of India: Learnings from an Integrated Reproductive Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health Project



Improving Adolescent Health Services across High Priority Districts in 6 States of India: Learnings from an Integrated Reproductive Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health Project



Indian Journal of Community Medicine 43(Suppl 1): S6-S11



India has been at the forefront of designing adolescent health (AH) policies. The National Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health policy (2006), the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn Child, and AH strategy (2013), and the "Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)" (2014) have been the critical milestones in this direction. However, despite policies being available, the AH outcomes need improvement through operationalization of focused and need-based AH interventions. The objectives of this study were to improve services for RKSK interventions across select geographies of India. USAID's VRIDDHI Project has been providing technical support at the national level and in six focus states to improve uptake of evidence-based high-impact reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and AH interventions. To improve AH services and outcomes, two approaches were implemented, namely (a) strengthen the functioning of adolescent-friendly health clinics in 95 high caseload health facilities in 26 high priority districts across six states and (b) demonstrate other operational strategies outlined in RKSK program including strengthening of district committees on AH, undertaking formative research for developing adolescent-focused communication strategy, and operationalizing weekly iron and folic acid supplementation program. As a result of ongoing technical support over 2-year period (January 2016-December 2017), improvements were noted across multiple AH indicators. In addition, evidence-based learnings were also generated from the demonstration models for potential scale up to other geographies. The project was successful in improving AH services in the intervention facilities through an integrated approach which is replicable, sustainable, and scalable for driving the AH program in India.

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