Adverse Effects of Rice gall dwarf virus upon its Insect Vector Recilia dorsalis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
Chen, Y.; Lu, C.; Li, M.; Wu, W.; Zhou, G.; Wei, T.
Plant Disease 100(4): 784-790
ISSN/ISBN: 0191-2917 PMID: 30688603 DOI: 10.1094/pdis-06-15-0713-re
Rice gall dwarf virus (RGDV), a plant reovirus that threatens rice production in Southeast Asia and Southern China, is transmitted by the leafhopper vector Recilia dorsalis in a persistent-propagative manner. To assess the direct effects of RGDV on R. dorsalis, we established an infected leafhopper population from eggs laid by viruliferous females using the water-soaked filter paper culture method. Life history parameters indicated that the virus was harmful to its vector in terms of all biotic indices, including reduced survival rate, emergence rate, fecundity, and longevity of adults, compared with a nonviruliferous control population. Those findings were supported by systematic monitoring of viruliferous rates of R. dorsalis in different overwintering generations. To better elucidate the adverse effects of RGDV on its vector, we measured fecundity at the molecular level using quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays, which revealed differential expression of vitellogenin (Vg) in viruliferous versus nonviruliferous adult females. We infer that RGDV reduced levels of Vg transcript and protein product, resulting in the lower fecundity of its vector. Overall, this study demonstrates how RGDV exerts an adverse effect on R. dorsalis, which hinders the expansion of viruliferous populations of the insect.