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Can the COPD web be used to promote self-management in patients with COPD in swedish primary care: a controlled pragmatic pilot trial with 3 month- and 12 month follow-up

Can the COPD web be used to promote self-management in patients with COPD in swedish primary care: a controlled pragmatic pilot trial with 3 month- and 12 month follow-up

Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care 37(1): 69-82

Evaluate the feasibility of the COPD Web and its study design and study procedures and to increase the understanding of the potential effect of the tool in order to provide guidance for a future large scale trial. Parallel-group controlled pragmatic pilot trial. There was a total of 83 patients with COPD (mean age 70 ± 8 years with a forced expiratory volume in first second percent predicted of 60 ± 17%). The intervention group (n = 43) was introduced to and had access to the COPD Web in addition to usual care, while the control group (n = 40) received usual care alone. The feasibility of the COPD Web (i.e., if and how the COPD Web was used) was automatically collected through the website, while outcomes on health, conceptual knowledge, and physical activity (PA) were collected through questionnaires at baseline, 3 months and 12 months. At 3 months, 77% of the intervention group was considered users, and the majority of time spent on the site was related to PA and exercises and was spent during the first month (>80%). In addition, the intervention group reported increased PA (odds ratio [OR] = 4.4, P < .001), increased conceptual knowledge in five domains (OR = 2.6-4.2, all P < .05), and altered disease management strategies (e.g., increased PA) (OR ≥ 2.7 P < .05) in comparison to the control group. The latter was also different between groups at 12 months (OR = 3.7, P = .044). Knowledge of PA was correlated with level of PA (ρ = .425-.512, P < .05) as well as to the use of PA as a strategy to manage their disease (χ2 = 11.2-32.9, P < .05). Giving patients with COPD access to the COPD Web in addition to their ordinary primary care might be an effective shorter term (3 month) strategy to promote self-management. However, these results needs to be confirmed in a definitive large-scale trial. Key points Even though self-management strategies are an important part of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management, access to support for such strategies are limited for a large part of the COPD-population. Promoting self-management through the COPD Web might increase short-term levels of physical activity, promote conceptual knowledge and alter disease management strategies. The primary care COPD population in this study experienced limited impact of the disease in daily life, limited exertional dyspnea, and high generic quality-of-life, but vastly reduced levels of physical activity. A future large scale study should include strategies to encourage greater exposures to the COPD Web, including an extended analysis of factors associated with using or not using the tool over time and its impact on outcome measures, objective measures of conceptual knowledge, and physical activity, and it should include a large enough sample size to enable sub-group analyses and strategies to enhance recruitment.

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Accession: 066139279

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30700230

DOI: 10.1080/02813432.2019.1569415

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