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Evaluation and Assessment of Biosafety for Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)-transgenic Rice: Responses of Daphnia magna Fed on Bt-transgenic Rice Variety


Evaluation and Assessment of Biosafety for Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)-transgenic Rice: Responses of Daphnia magna Fed on Bt-transgenic Rice Variety



Journal of Biological Chemistry 54(4): 296-302



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

Insect-resistant transgenic rice was developed by inserting the mCry1Ac1 a modified gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). For biosafety assessment, we studied the effects on survival of cantor Daphnia magna, a commonly used as a model organism in ecotoxicological studies. D. magna fed on Bt rice and its near non-genetically modified (GM) counterparts (Nakdong) grown in the same environment (100% ground rice suspension). The Bt rice was comfirmed to have the insertion of T-DNA and protein expression by the polymerase chain reaction and ELISA analysis. Feeding study showed similar cumulative immobility and abnormal response of D. magna between Bt rice and non-GM counterparts. 48 h-EC50 (effective concentration) values of Bt rice and non-GM rice showed 4,429 and 2,889 mg/L respectively. The rice NOEC (No observed effect concentration) values for D. magna was suggested 1,000 mg/L. We conclude that the tested Bt-rice and Nakdong similar cumulative immobility for D. magna the widely used model organism. We found out that there is strong possibility that the growth of Bt rice didn’t affect to non-target insects.

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Accession: 066143721

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