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Status of Plant Genetic Resources Management and Conservation of National Plant Genetic Resources Center in Taiwan


Status of Plant Genetic Resources Management and Conservation of National Plant Genetic Resources Center in Taiwan



The Journal of the Korean Society of International Agriculture 23(4): 440-445



Genetic resources can be used through complementary ex situ and in situ conservation approaches organized at the local, national, and global levels. Genetic resources as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) refer to physical, tangible genetic materials as well as genetic information and knowledge. The Plant Genetic Resources Center (PGRC) was established at the Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute in 1993. To 2010, seed collections of 73,275 accessions are being conserved in long- and medium-term storage rooms. In field genebanks, collections and preservation of germplasm of fruit trees and medicinal plants include approximately 5,106 accessions and are being conserved in several repositories. As a complementary conservation, in vitro and cryopreservation have been carried out for the species endangered and hardly preserved in field. The extent of germplasm management is very critical to promote efficient utilization of genetic resources, especially local varieties or breeding lines. Action plans on risk management, safe conservation, species identification, crossing and better utilization of genetic resources for food and agriculture have been formulated to develop markets for various kinds of products. Efficient management and conservation of genetic resources are very important to ensure the present and future security of food and agriculture. As a co-worker in global efforts to conserve genetic resources, we look for greater benefits and responsibilities. Particularly, in point of global climate changes and food crises, actions are needed to equip and manage genetic resource conservation systems as an effective component of national and international food and agriculture security.

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