Section 67
Chapter 66,151

Effective forage production as a success of antirecessionary measures in dairy cattle farming

Бабкина, А.В.; Светлова, Г.Н.

Kormoproizvodstvo 2015(5): 39-45


Accession: 066150921

The article analyzes the current situation of dairy farming development in the corporate farms located in the Smolensk region. The fodder usage was monitored in the short- and mid-run. The dependence of milk yields on the balanced feeding, breed specificity and animal welfare is substantiated. Using the example of two corporate dairy farms located in Vyazma district of the Smolensk region, the appropriateness of operations research and system dynamics methodology was assessed for the purpose of coordinating the farm's investment plan with the sectoral antirecessionary programme. It was shown that this methodology lets one to avoid the economic losses as large as the amount of the state monetary support for dairy farming development. This support is carried out in the framework of the regional programme of agriculture development. The antirecessionary measures for dairy sector are carried out on the basis of the optimal planning and system dynamics models. This article shows the models of mid- and short-term planning of the corporate farm production structure. These models enable wellbalanced investment decisions and reflect the processes occurring on the farm with a reasonable preciseness. They also allow defining the basic production parameters, the optimal structure of the livestock by animal classes and the optimal diets. With the help of these models one can also comprehend which actions are required to increase the efficiency in the dairy milk sector. The set of suggested means lets the two studied farms to overcome the recession and to re-establish the regular economic reproduction process, which is confirmed by the analysis of economic efficiency of commercial activity of the farms in compliance with the optimal plan. Based on the annual productivity of the cows, the optimal diets (balanced by the basic nutrients for each animal class) for both stall and pasture feeding periods as well as the feeding norms are set. The fodder base is calculated and analyzed on the basis of the diets set. As a conclusion, the area of application of the developed methodology is discussed.

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