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Effects of irrigation and application of phosphorus fertilizer on the yield and water use of tomato grown on a clay terrace soil of Bangladesh



Effects of irrigation and application of phosphorus fertilizer on the yield and water use of tomato grown on a clay terrace soil of Bangladesh



Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 45(2): 611-619



A field experiment was conducted in the rabi (dry) season of 1998-99 on a clay terrace soil of Bangladesh to study the effects of irrigation and P fertilization on the yield, total water use., and water use efficiency of tomato. Five levels of irrigation and four levels of P application were involved, Irrigation, P application, and the interaction of irrigation and P application had a significant impact on the yield of tomato. In the individual effects of irrigation and P application, the yield was significantly high in the three and four irrigations and at the P level of 120 kg P2O5 ha(-1). As the interaction effect, the highest yield of 38.7 Mg ha I with the maximum net benefit was obtained under the combination of three irrigations at 15, 35, and 55 days after transplantation of seedlings and P application at the level of 120 kg P2O5 ha(-1). Its total water use was 169 mm, giving the reasonably high water use efficiency of 229 kg ha(-1) mm(-1). The highest range of water use efficiency was noted in non-irrigation treatments, but the yield and not benefit were about half of those of the highest yield. The treatment with three irrigations along with P application at the level of 120 kg P2O5 ha(-1) was concluded to be the best combination for the sustainable tomato cultivation in Shallow Red-Brown Terrace Soil of Bangladesh.

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