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Yield, quality, nutrient uptake and economics of spring sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) as influenced by balanced fertilization in clay loam soils of Rajasthan



Yield, quality, nutrient uptake and economics of spring sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) as influenced by balanced fertilization in clay loam soils of Rajasthan



Indian Journal of Agronomy 60(3): 457-463



A field experiment was conducted from 2011-12 to 2013-14 at Agricultural Research Station, Kota, Rajasthan, to find out suitable nutrient-management practices for sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). The experiment was consisted of 13 nutrient management practices, viz. control, N-200, N200P60,N200P60K40(RDF), N200P60K40+S-40,N200P60K40 +Zn-5,N200P60K40+Fe-1, N200P60K40+Mn-1, N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5,N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5+Fe-1,N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5+Fe-1 +Mn-1,N150P50 + S-25+Zn-4 kg/ha as soil-test recommendation (STR) and FYM @ 20 t/ha were laid out in randomized block design with 3 replications. Balanced fertilization of N200P50K40 along with S-40+Zn-5 kg/ha had significant influenced on tillers, number of millable canes (126,060/ha), single cane weight (880 g), cane yield (91.70 t/ha), commercial cane sugar yield (11.96 t/ha) and net profit (sic 90,974/ha) over rest of the treatments being on a par with treatments ofN(200)P(60)K(40)+S-40,N200P60K40 +Zn-5,N200P60K40+Fe-1, N200P60K40+Mn-1, N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5,N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5+Fe-1,N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5+Fe-1 +Mn-1,N150P50 + S-25+Zn-4 kg/ha. Maximum nutrient uptake of N, P and K (265.3, 21.3 and 260 kg/ha) was recorded with application of N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5 kg/ha over rest of the treatments and it was observed higher positive net gain of N, P, K and S (8.5, 3.4, 16 and 3.7 kg/ha) was recorded over initial status of soil. The result showed that balanced application of N200P60K40+S-40+Zn-5 kg/ha may be recommended for obtaining higher millable cane yield, net return and sustained soil health in spring planted in clay loam soils of Rajasthan.

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