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Production and composition of milk of cows of four genetic groups submitted to two feeding managements during the lactation period



Production and composition of milk of cows of four genetic groups submitted to two feeding managements during the lactation period



Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia-Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 33(3): 610-622



The objective of this work was to evaluate the production and composition of milk of beef cows of four genetic groups, including Charolais., Nellore (N), CN crossbreds daughters of C bulls, and NC crossbreds, daughters of N bulls, maintained on native pasture and submitted to different managements during pre-weaning: supplemented with rice bran (.7% of the body weight) and weaned at 42 or 63 days postpartum, or non supplemented and weaned at 63 days. The cow age varied from 3 to 12 years, being classified as: first calf, young, adult and old cows. The data were submitted to variance analysis, the statistic model included management, cow genetic group, cow age and period effects and the interactions among these factors. Lactose and fat contents were not influenced by the factors studied. There was a significant interaction between cow age and period for milk production and between management and cow age for protein content. Supplemented cows showed higher milk production (3.85 vs 3.25 L/day), total dry extract content - EST (12.18 vs 11.83%) and nonfat dry extract content - ESD (8.75 vs 8.57%). The milk production declined as the lactation period advanced, and the reduction was more accentuated in the non supplemented cows. CN crossbred cows produced more milk (4.17 L/day) than the straigthbreds, not differing from the NC crossbred (3.76 L/day). N cows showed milk production similar to the C cows, respectively, 3.16 and 3.11 L/day. However, N cows milk was of better quality, including protein (3.16 vs 2.86%), EST (12.52 vs 11.46%) and ESD (8.87 vs 8.49%). Adult cows showed higher ESD content, followed by the young cows, first calf and old cows, being 8.86; 8.62; 8.62 and 8.54%, respectively.

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Accession: 066187332

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DOI: 10.1590/s1516-35982004000300010


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