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Characterization of Rhizoctonia solani isolates from potatoes in Turkey and screening potato cultivars for resistance to AG-3 isolates


Characterization of Rhizoctonia solani isolates from potatoes in Turkey and screening potato cultivars for resistance to AG-3 isolates



Phytoparasitica 33(4): 370-376



ISSN/ISBN: 0334-2123

DOI: 10.1007/bf02981304

A total of 304 Rhizoctonia solani isolates and 60 binucleate Rhizoctonia-like fungi were recovered from stems and tubers of infected potato plants over a 2-yr period in northeast Turkey. R. solani isolates were identified to 11 anastomosis groups (AGs): AG-1 (0.66%), AG-2-1 (5.6%), AG-2-2 (0.99%), AG-3 (83.9%), AG-5 (4.6%), AG-6 (0.66%), AG-8 (1.32%), AG-9 (0.33%), AG-10 (1.32%), AG-12 (0.33%), and AG-13 (0.33%). In the greenhouse tests, most of the AG-3 isolates were significantly more virulent than isolates belonging to other AGs on potato cv. Batum. Isolates of other anastomosis groups differed in their virulence. Results indicated that AG-3 is an important pathogen on potatoes grown in the study area. Five of 22 commercial and local potato cultivars evaluated for their reaction to R. solani AG-3 isolates (TP-2) under greenhouse conditions were highly resistant; the remaining cultivars exhibited different levels of susceptibility to the pathogen isolate.

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Accession: 066191605

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