+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Response of mustard to fertilization, seeding date, and seeding rate in southern Alberta



Response of mustard to fertilization, seeding date, and seeding rate in southern Alberta



Canadian Journal of Plant Science 86(2): 353-362



Yellow mustard (Sinapsis alba L.), brown mustard (Brassicajuncea L.), and oriental mustard (B. juncea) have been grown in Alberta since the 1950s, but limited agronomic information specific for this crop is available. The objective of this study was to determine the response of mustard to fertilization, seeding date and seeding rate in southern Alberta. Field experiments were conducted at 20 field sites over a 4-yr period (1999-2002) under irrigated and dryland (fallow and stubble) conditions. Five experiments were conducted with the following treatments: (1) N fertilizer rate (0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 kg N ha(-1)), (2) urea placement (seed-placed and side-banded urea at rates of 0 to 120 kg N ha(-1)), (3) P fertilizer rate (0, 6.5, and 13.1 kg P ha(-1)), (4) S fertilizer rate (0, 10 and 20 kg S ha(-1)), and (5) seeding date (three dates at approximately 10-d intervals) and seeding rate (target plant densities of 75, 125, 175, 225, and 300 plants m(-2)). Experiment 1 was conducted with yellow mustard (AC Pennant), oriental mustard (Forge), brown mustard (Commercial Brown) and canola (Q2) (Brassica napus L.), while the remaining experiments were only conducted with yellow mustard. For maximum seed yield, mustard required 95 kg of available N Mg-1 of potential seed yield. Potential yields were closely related to available moisture, increasing 7 to 8 kg ha(-1) for every mm increase in available moisture above a minimum moisture requirement of 90 mm. Seed-placed urea reduced plant stand at rates as low as 30 kg N ha(-1) and reduced seed yield at rates of 60 to 120 kg N ha-1. Fourteen of 20 sites had a greater than 3% positive yield benefit due to P fertilizer. Mustard did not benefit from S fertilizer application. Delay in seeding by 3-4 wk, compared with seeding in late April to mid-May, reduced seed yield of yellow mustard by an average of 37%.Seed yield increased with seeding rate, but the maximum gain in seed yield due to high seeding rates was only 200 kg ha(-1), with significant increases obtained only under very dry conditions. Early seeding and adequate N fertility were the most important agronomic practices for achieving high yields of mustard in southern Alberta.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066198441

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.4141/p04-164


Related references

Fertilization, seeding date, and seeding rate for malting barley yield and quality in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 85(3): 603-614, 2005

Response of irrigated soft white spring wheat to seeding date, seeding rate and fertilization. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 88(2): 291-298, 2008

Effect of seeding date and rate on desi chickpea in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 86(3): 717-721, 2006

Improvement of stubble turnip brassica campestris cultivar rapa under irrigated conditions effect of seeding rate seeding date and level of nitrogen fertilization. Anales del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias Serie Agricola 28(1): 53-62, 1985

Optimum seeding date and rate for irrigated cereal and oilseed crops in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 91(2): 293-303, 2011

The effect of seeding date, seeding rate and N fertilization on winter wheat yield and yield components in eastern Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 80(4): 703-711, 2000

The effects of seeding rate, seeding date and location on grain yield, maturity, protein percentage and protein yield of some spring wheats in central Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 59(4): 1139-1145, 1979

Effects of seeding rate seeding date and location on grain yield maturity protein percentage and protein yield of some spring wheats triticum aestivum in central alberta canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 59(4): 1139-1146, 1979

Rate and date of seeding Kanred winter wheat and the relation of seeding date to dry-land foot rot at Akron, Colo. Jour Agric Res 64(6): 339-356, 1942

Response of irrigated corn silage to seeding rate and row spacing in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 4, 713-716, 2008

Response of irrigated corn silage to seeding rate and row spacing in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 88(4): 713-716, 2008

Prediction of seeding date in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 76(1): 59-65, 1996

Response of faba bean vicia faba to seeding date and seeding rate. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 66(1): 39-44, 1986

Response Of Faba Bean ( Vicia faba L.) To Seeding Date And Seeding Rate. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 66(1): 39-44, 1986

Date and rate of seeding of winter cereals in central Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 74(3): 447-453, 1994