Effects of vitrification procedures on subsequent development and ultrastructure of in vitro-matured swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) oocytes

Boonkusol, D.; Faisaikarm, T.; Dinnyes, A.; Kitiyanant, Y.

Reproduction Fertility and Development 19(1): 172-172


ISSN/ISBN: 1031-3613
DOI: 10.1071/rd06097
Accession: 066199872

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of two vitrification procedures on developmental capacity and ultrastructural changes of matured swamp buffalo oocytes. In vitro-matured oocytes were vitrified by using 35 and 40% ethylene glycol as vitrification solution for solid surface vitrification (SSV) and in-straw vitrification (ISV), respectively. Survival rate of vitrified-warmed oocytes, evaluated on the basis of ooplasm homogeneity, oolemma integrity and zona pellucida intactness, as well as parthenogenetic blastocyst rates of vitrified-warmed oocytes were significantly higher with SSV (89.3 and 13.6%, respectively) than ISV (81.8 and 5.5%, respectively). However, they were still significantly lower than that of control oocytes (100 and 34.2%, respectively). For examining the ultrastructural changes, fresh, VS-exposed (ISV and SSV), and vitrified-warmed (ISV and SSV) oocytes were processed for transmission electron microscopy. In VS-exposed oocytes, reduction of microvilli abundance and damage of mitochondrial membrane were found only in the ISV group. In vitrified-warmed oocytes, however, it was clear that both methods of vitrification induced profound ultrastructural modifications to microvilli, mitochondria, oolemma and cortical granules as well as to the size and position of vesicles. Damaged mitochondria were, however, more abundant in ISV vitrified oocytes than in SSV vitrified oocytes, which correlated with the developmental data, showing the superiority of the SSV method. The present study demonstrated the feasibility of vitrification of in vitro-matured swamp buffalo oocytes.