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Evaluation of elite turmeric (Curcuma longa) clones for growth, yield and quality



Evaluation of elite turmeric (Curcuma longa) clones for growth, yield and quality



Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 78(7): 589-591



A field experiment was conducted during 2003-06 to evaluate 5 elite clones of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) for growth, yield and quality attributes. The maximum yield was recorded in 'PH 3'(31.96 tonnes/ha), followed by 'PH 4' (28.92 tonnes/ha). 'PH 4' was the earliest to mature (214.64 days) and 'PH 3' was the latest (238.25 days). In terms of quality attributes, clone 'PH 3' recorded maximum oleoresin (7.61%) and colour lightness (47.20) while 'PH 4' showed maximum curcumin (3.33%), yellowness (27.44) and shrinkage ratio (0.98). Based upon extensive evaluation, 'PH 3' and 'PH 4' were recommended in medium and early maturity groups, respectively for commercial cultivation in Punjab.

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