Section 67
Chapter 66,215

Emissions of nitrous oxide after application of dairy slurry on bare soil and perennial grass in a maritime climate

Bhandral, R.; Bittman, S.; Kowalenko, C. G.; Friesen, A.; Hunt, D. E.

Canadian Journal of Soil Science 88(4): 517-527


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4271
DOI: 10.4141/cjss07103
Accession: 066214324

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Bhandral, R., Bittman, S., Kowalenko, C. G., Friesen, A. and Hunt, D. E. 2008. . Can. J. Soil Sci. 88: 517-527. Over half the Slurry manure produced oil dairy farms in the high-rainfall, coastal region of British Columbia (BC), Washington State and northern Oregon is applied from mid-February to early May. This study was conducted to compare the emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) after manure application during this period oil perennial forage grass or winter fallow land. The experimental site soil was moderately well- to well-drained medium-textured river deposit of the Monroe series. Treatments consisted of liquid dairy manure applied either at 270 (Early) or 450 (Late) Tsum (accumulation of average air temperatures above 0 degrees C from Jan. 01) on bare land or a perennial stand of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) at a rate of 55.5 m(3) ha(-1) giving a total ammoniacal N (TAN) loading of 100 and 111 kg ha(-1) in 2001 and 2002, respectively. An additional grass treatment consisted of split applications (Split) of manure at half the rate on each of the two application dates. Untreated (Control) bare and grass treatments were also included. Emissions were monitored for 105 d (28 Feb. to 12 Jun.) in 2001 and 121 d (26 Feb. to 26 Jun.) in 2002. Cumulative NO emissions, during the measurement period (averaged over manure application times), from manured bare soil were 2.19 and 2.74 kg N ha(-1) for 2001 and 2002, respectively and those from manured grass treatment were 0.21 and 0.58 kg N ha(-1) for 2001 and 2002, respectively. Time of application altered seasonal emission pattern, but effect on total emission was inconsistent, probably due to conflicting effects of temperature and moisture. Significant differences in soil NO3-N levels between the grass and the bare soil treatments may explain the differences in N2O emission.

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