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Preliminary study on the feeding performance of dairy goats in a silvopastoral system

Preliminary study on the feeding performance of dairy goats in a silvopastoral system

Cuban Journal of Agricultural Science 41(4): 309-312

Forty dairy goats were used, in a one-hectare silvopastoral system. to Study their feeding performance and their influence on the trees. The sampling time was from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.rn, and from 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The observations of three days were considered with an adaptation period of seven days. The animals were sampled through the direct observation of the group chronologically every 10 min. The. sampling of the damaged trees was conducted through direct count at the end of the Study. The animals spent most of the time (36%) grazing. and the rest, walking (19%). The browsing, habitual goat activity, occupied 5%. Daily, the animals spent 33 min removing-the bark and hitting with the head trees and shrubs, which provoked high percentage of damages. This performance could lead to the devastation of the area. Some activities were developed in high or low quantity, according to the time (morning or afternoon). In the first morning hours, the grazing time was lower than that of the afternoon. After the first two grazing hours, in both times,. the percentage of animals conducting feed intake decreased, so the percentage performing other activities increased. It is concluded that the flock spent most of the time grazing and walking. Likewise, removing the bark and hitting the trees. harmful activities for the trees. were conducted to a great extent.

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