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Effects of alfalfa processing and addition of soybean oil on the total diet digestibility of foals


Effects of alfalfa processing and addition of soybean oil on the total diet digestibility of foals



Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia-Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 38(4): 713-717



The effect of alfalfa hay processing (Medicago sativa L.) and the addition of soybean oil in diets on the total dry matter digestibility, organic matter, crude protein, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent in horses was evaluated. Four crossbred male foals with approximately 14 months of age and 197.25 kg were used and assigned in a (4 x 4) Latin square design with a factorial arrangement (2 x 2) composed of two alfalfa haying forms (cubes or branches) and the addition or absence of soybean oil in commercial diets containing concentrated in the form of pellets. The nutrients digestibility was determined by the total feces collection method for three days. The addition of refined soybean oil increased the total digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, ether extract and neutral detergent fiber. The alfalfa processing in the form of cubes increased the total digestibility of crude protein, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber. The addition of soybean oil in the assessed diets was a practical and safe way to increase the caloric density without reducing the digestibility of organic nutrients. The alfalfa processing in the form of cubes improved the total digestibility of crude protein, detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber in the diet of horses.

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