+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Influence of conservation tillage practices on soil properties and crop yields for maize and wheat cultivation in Beijing, China



Influence of conservation tillage practices on soil properties and crop yields for maize and wheat cultivation in Beijing, China



Australian Journal of Soil Research 47(4): 362-371



Conservation tillage is becoming increasingly attractive to farmers because it involves lower production costs than does conventional tillage. The long-term effects of sub-soiling tillage (ST), no tillage (NT), and conventional tillage (CT) on soil properties and crop yields were investigated over an 8-year period (2000-07). The study was conducted in a 2-crop-a-year region (Daxing) and a 1-crop-a-year region (Changping) of the Beijing area in China. At 0-0.30 m soil depth, water stability of macro-aggregates (> 0.25 mm) was much greater for ST (22.1%) and NT (12.0%) than for CT in Daxing, and the improvements in Changping were 18.9% and 9.5%, respectively. ST and NT significantly (P < 0.05) improved aeration porosity by 14.5% and 10.6%, respectively, at Daxing and by 17.0% and 8.6% at Changping compared with CT treatment. Soil bulk density after 8 years was 0.8-1.5% lower in ST and NT treatments than in CT at both sites. Soil organic matter and available N and P followed the same order ST approximate to NT > CT at both sites. Consequently, crop yields in ST and NT plots were higher than in CT plots due to improved soil physical and chemical properties. Within the conservation tillage treatments, despite similar economic benefit, the effects on crop yields for ST were better than for NT. Mean (2000-07) crop yields for ST were 0.2% and 1.5% higher than for NT at Daxing and Changping, respectively. We therefore conclude that ST is the most suitable conservation tillage practice for annual 2-crop-a-year and 1-crop-a-year regions in the Beijing area.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066220963

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1071/sr08110


Related references

Influence of tillage practices and fertilization on crop yields and soil properties in long-term crop rotation (soybean-wheat-maize) experiments. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 9(1): 285-289, 2011

Soil properties and crop yields after 11 years of no tillage farming in wheat-maize cropping system in North China Plain. Soil and Tillage Research 113(1): 48-54, 2011

Crop yield and soil properties of dryland winter wheat-spring maize rotation in response to 10-year fertilization and conservation tillage practices on the Loess Plateau. Field Crops Research 225: 170-179, 2018

The effects of rotating conservation tillage with conventional tillage on soil properties and grain yields in winter wheat-spring maize rotations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 263: 107-117, 2018

Effect of tillage and soil moisture conservation practices on crop yields of chickpea and soil properties under rainfed conditions. Indian Journal Of Agricultural Sciences: 12, 1042-1047, 2008

Effect of tillage and soil moisture conservation practices on crop yields of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and soil properties under rainfed conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 78(12): 1042-1047, 2008

Studies on the effect of non-rotation tillage practices on the physical properties of the soil and cultivation characteristics in catch crop maize. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe 41(6): 133-139, 1992

Influence of tillage practices on the grain yield of maize and some soil properties in maize-wheat cropping system of Iran. 2007

Influence of tillage practices and straw incorporation on soil aggregates, organic carbon, and crop yields in a rice-wheat rotation system. Scientific Reports 6: 36602, 2016

Responses of soil properties, root growth and crop yield to tillage and crop residue management in a wheat-maize cropping system on the North China Plain. European Journal of Agronomy 78: 32-43, 2016

Influences of wide-narrow seeding on soil properties and winter wheat yields under conservation tillage in North China Plain. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 11(4): 74-80, 2018

Tillage practices in relation to soil and water conservation and crop yields in Iowa. Proc. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer 9: 241-7, 1944

Effects of rotational tillage practices on soil properties, winter wheat yields and water-use efficiency in semi-arid areas of north-west China. Field Crops Research 129(none): 7-13, 2012

Influence of tillage and crop residue on soil physical properties and yields of rice and wheat under shallow water table conditions. Soil and Tillage Research 92(1/2): 221-226, 2007

Interactions between tillage practices, soil compaction and crop development at Vaalharts: the effect of soil tillage and irrigation on soil compaction in plantings of cotton, maize, peanuts and wheat, South Africa.1. Technical communication South Africa Department of Agriculture and Fisheries: 74) 50-55, 1980