+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Implications of Climate Change for Agricultural Sector Performance in Africa: Policy Challenges and Research Agenda(dagger)

Implications of Climate Change for Agricultural Sector Performance in Africa: Policy Challenges and Research Agenda(dagger)

Journal of African Economies 19: ii77-ii105

The paper analysed how climate change (CC) has shaped African agriculture in the past and how it might impact on African farm economies in the future and what adaptation strategies African farmers have adopted to cope with these changes. The analyses covered all key farming systems and agro-climates of Africa in 11 countries in which data were collected from over 10,000 farm household surveys. Results provided evidence that African agriculture and the welfare of its rural population are vulnerable to CC. The highest risk of future CC damages is associated with specialised crop and livestock farming (mono systems) particularly under dryland conditions in arid and semi-arid regions. This indicates how difficult it is to achieve an African green revolution under the current high reliance on dryland systems (more than 95% of the land) given predicted harsh future climates (warmer and dryer projections) for most of the dryland areas in Africa. It will require substantial public and private investments in expanding irrigation and development of crop varieties and animal breeds that are tolerant to heat, water and low fertility stresses, and in building roads and marketing infrastructures that will improve access to critical inputs (e.g., fertiliser) and output trade. This essentially requires mainstreaming climate sensitivity as an integral component of all agricultural and broader economic development planning and policy design. Although the expected damages are large, many farming systems and communities in Africa face serious limiting conditions which reduce their ability to adapt and hence increase their vulnerability. Among the key factors found to constrain African farmers' ability to adopt effective adaptation measures are poor access to information, capital, technology and markets. Policies aimed at promoting farm-level adaptation need to emphasise the critical role of farmers' education; provision of improved climate, production and market information and the means to implement adaptations through affordable credit facilities. Other needed public interventions to help promote adaptation measures and reduce vulnerability include insurance against climate risks to farmers and provision of safety nets.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066234018

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1093/jae/ejp026

Related references

Agricultural research and the global climate change agenda. Proceedings and minutes annual meeting of the Agricultural Research Institute: 8th) 181-184, 1989

Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change-Challenges and Opportunities. Agriculture-Basel 5(2): 245-266, 2015

Adaptation barriers and strategies towards climate change: Challenges in the agricultural sector. Journal of Cleaner Production 156: 698-706, 2017

Communicating the agricultural research agenda: implications for policy. Journal of Production Agriculture 3(1): 20-24, 1990

Combined effects of climate change and policy uncertainty on the agricultural sector in Norway. Agricultural Systems 153: 118-126, 2017

HIV/AIDS and the agricultural sector: implications for policy in Eastern and Southern Africa. eJADE Electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics 2(2): 158-181, 2005

Should agricultural research in Central Asia and Caucasus (CAC) re-prioritize its agenda with view to climate change?. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 140(1-2): 314-316, 2011

Climate change and health in british columbia: projected impacts and a proposed agenda for adaptation research and policy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 7(3): 1018-1035, 2010

Global climate change time to mainstream health risks and their prevention on the medical research and policy agenda. Internal Medicine Journal: 6(a), 445-447, 2008

Global climate change: time to mainstream health risks and their prevention on the medical research and policy agenda. Internal Medicine Journal 38(6a): 445-447, 2008

Agricultural policy research in South Africa: challenges for the future. Agrekon 39(4): 432-470, 2000

The effect of climate change and adaptation policy on agricultural production in Eastern Africa. Ecological Economics 121: 54-64, 2016

Determinants of productivity in the agricultural sector with implications for research policy and analysis. 1992

Mitigating uncertainty and enhancing resilience to climate change in the fisheries sector in Taiwan: Policy implications for food security. Ocean & Coastal Management 130: 355-372, 2016

A Bayesian approach towards facilitating climate change adaptation research on the South African agricultural sector. Agrekon 46(2): 245-259, 2007