Extended ageing time and temperature effects on quality of sub-primal cuts of boxed beef
Juarez, M.; Larsen, I.L.; Gibson, L.L.; Robertson, W.M.; Dugan, M.E. R.; Aldai, N.; Aalhus, J.L.
Canadian Journal of Animal Science 90(3): 361-370
Juarez, M., Larsen, I. L., Gibson, L. L., Robertson, W. M., Dugan, M. E. R., Aldai, N. and Aalhus, J. L. 2010. . Can. J. Anim. Sci. 90: 361-370. Most of the information indicating ageing improves tenderness has been collected on the loin and rib-eye muscles over relatively short ageing times, assuming that all muscles will react similarly. In the present study, the effect of extended ageing times on instrumental texture (56 d) and sensory characteristics (42 d) of six different beef sub-primals [striploin (SL), inside round (IR), outside round (OR), eye of round (ER), blade eye (BE) and chuck tender (CT)] was studied. The effects of two ageing temperatures (1 and 5 degrees C) were also compared. In general, ageing increased tenderness (P <0.05) of SL, BE, ER and CT sub-primals, although BE shear force increased after 42 d of ageing. On the other hand, ageing had no effect on IR tenderness (P >0.05) and resulted in a decrease in tenderness of OR (P <0.05) until day 35, with a later increase after 42 d of ageing. Increasing ageing temperature (5 degrees C) had limited effect on tenderness, but ageing time and temperature increases led to lower flavour and higher off-flavour intensity (P <0.05) of the studied sub-primals. These results suggest that cut-specific maximum ageing times and rigid adherence to temperature maximums would be of benefit to optimize post-slaughter processes and meat quality.