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Selection response to fleece weight, wool characteristics, and heritability estimates in yearling Romney sheep



Selection response to fleece weight, wool characteristics, and heritability estimates in yearling Romney sheep



Livestock Science 135(1): 26-31



The juvenile live weights, yearling fleece weight and wool characteristics of 2987 Romney progeny of 114 sires born over 9 breeding seasons in a fleece-weight-selected and a random control line were analysed. The high fleece weight-selected flock performance was higher (P<0.001) for weaning weight and spring weight (6.9 and 8.4%), higher (P<0.001) for greasy and clean fleece weight (23.8 and 24.3%), and also higher (P<0.001) for FD by 1 mu m, staple length by 6 mm, and wool yellowness by 03 unit than random control yearling sheep. Heritability estimates for weaning and spring live weight, greasy fleece weight, clean fleece weight, yield, fibre diameter, staple length, staple strength, loose wool bulk, brightness and yellowness were 0.15, 0.51, 0.35, 0.36, 0.40, 0.57, 0.41, 0.24, 0.46, 0.12 and 0.14 respectively. The heritability estimates are within the range of the long wool sheep breeds studied previously. The high selection differential achieved in the initial screening commercial flocks however facilitated to approach a selection response peak in a shorter selection duration and thus resulted in a non-significant genetic gain in greasy fleece weight when averaged over the 9 years of selection. rights reserved.

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Accession: 066240592

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DOI: 10.1016/j.livsci.2010.06.003


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