Dry matter yield and nutritional value of Marandu grass under nitrogen fertilization and irrigation in cerrado in Sao Paulo

Dupas, E.; Buzetti, S.; Sarto, A.L.; Tangerino Hernandez, F.B.; Bergamaschine, A.F.

Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia-Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 39(12): 2598-2603

2010


ISSN/ISBN: 1806-9290
DOI: 10.1590/s1516-35982010001200006
Accession: 066240656

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Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate dry matter yield and nutritional value of palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu) using nitrogen doses and sprinkler irrigation in two periods of the year, aiming at reducing seasonality of forage production. It was used a randomized block design in a split-plot scheme, with five doses of nitrogen (0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 kg/ha/cut), and the sub-plots were defined by the seasons of the year (wet and dry season), with and without irrigation. During the wet season, in the plots with and without irrigation, doses of 175 and 161 kg/ha/cut promoted the highest dry matter yields. During the dry season, 171 kg ha(-1)N with irrigation resulted in the highest dry matter yield. During the same season, there was no response to N fertilization in the lack of irrigation. Average contents of CP were 10% with and without irrigation. Contents of neutral detergent fiber decreased with nitrogen doses, while acid detergent fiber was not affected by fertilization. Plots under irrigation reached the maximal acid detergent fiber content at N dose of 60 kg ha(-1). Irrigation promotes increase of 15% increase in dry matter yield and it increases contents of neutral detergent fiber.