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Chemical composition of oleo-gum-resin from Ferula gummosa


Chemical composition of oleo-gum-resin from Ferula gummosa



Industrial Crops and Products 33(2): 549-553



ISSN/ISBN: 0926-6690

DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.10.032

The chemical composition of oleo-gum-resin from Ferula gummosa collected in the northern part of Iran has been studied. The fraction of oleo-gum-resin soluble in ethanol (ca 67 wt.%) is composed by three major fractions: (i) monoterpenes and monoterpenoids (ca 15 wt.% fraction), (ii) sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpenoids (ca 30 wt.%) and (iii) triterpenes and triterpenoids (ca 55 wt.%). The major families of terpenes and terpenoids were identified employing gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detector (GC-MS). Almost 25 wt.% of oleo-gum-resin was insoluble in ethanol and, according to wet chemistry analyses, assigned to arabinogalactane structurally associated with protein complex (AGP). This arabinogalactan possessed the molecular weight of ca 30 kDa, as revealed by size exclusion chromatography, and the main backbone was constituted by beta-(1 -> 3)/beta-(1 -> 3,6)-linked D-galactopyranosyl residues ramified predominantly by terminal alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl and beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl residues, as assessed by 1D/2D H-1 NMR. rights reserved.

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Accession: 066241532

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