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Polyembryony Inheritance in Two Experimental Maize Populations

Polyembryony Inheritance in Two Experimental Maize Populations

Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 34(1): 27-33

In this work it is postulated that polyembryony (PE) occurring in two maize populations (Zea ways L.) is under the control of two epistatic loci, where a dominant allele at either gene pair produces the normal seedling trait (duplicate gene action), so that polyembryony is shown only by the double homozygous recessive genotype. The genetic analysis was based on the F1, F2 and BC1 progenies from crosses among the populations IMM-UAAAN-BAP (D) and IMM-UAAAN-NAP. with eight non related germplasm sources, which were six commercial hybrids, one experimental simple hybrid and a population from CIMMYT. The 16 F1 crosses were done in 2007 in Tepalcingo, Mor; the F2 during 2008, in Buenavista, Coah., and The back crosses (BC1) were generated in 2009, in Buenavista. The PE evaluation for F1 and F2 was done under both greenhouse and field conditions using a complete block design, with 4 or 5 replicates; the BC; evaluations were performed only under greenhouse. The PE segregation in F2 was tested under the hypothesis of two recessive hypostatic loci, ratio 15:1 (No-PE vs PE progenies); for the BC1 the hypothesis was for the 12:4 ratio. As expected, the PE was not shown in F1 progenies, but it was observed in F2 and BC1, with proportions of 3 to 7 % and 13 to 22 %, respectively. These results are compatible with the proposed hypothesis, considering a joint effect with incomplete penetrance; this phenomenon was present in amounts of 10 to 50 %, varying according to the exotic germplasm in use. The applied chi(2) tests to the two types of hypothesis support the proposed inheritance pattern for PE in the two studied maize populations.

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