Forage species for milk production in lowland soil
Queiroz, D.S.; Casagrande, D.R.; Moura, G.de S.; da Silva, E.A.; Machado Viana, M.C.; Mendes Ruas, J.R.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia-Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 41(2): 271-280
The objective of this study was to evaluate the forage availability, pasture morphological and chemical composition, pasture carrying capacity and the milk production of cows on three forage grasses under continues stocking and the variable rate on lowland soil. The experimental design was completely randomized with three treatments and three replicates. The treatments were the Paspalum atratum cv Pojuca grass, Brachiaria humidicola cv Llanero grass and tangola grass (natural hybrid of Brachiaria arrecta and Brachiaria mutica). The stocking rate was adjusted to maintain the forage available between 2.000 and 3.000 kg dry matter per hectare. The period evaluated was from November 2003 to May 2004. There was no significant difference between the species when the dry matter availability of green forage was evaluated, with mean value of 2.902 kg/ha. The pojuca grass had 62% of leaf blade and 38% of stem + sheath in green forage dry mass, followed by humid cola grass with 49 and 51% and tangola grass with 18 and 22%, respectively. The tangola grass showed higher level of crude protein on the leaf blade (15.41%) than humid cola (9.98%) and pojuca (8.74%) grasses and lower levels of fiber (NDF and ADF). The individual production of cows was affected by the better nutritional value of the tangola grass. The average daily production of this grass was higher (10.27 kg/cow) than the pojuca grass (7.8 kg/cow) and had similar value to humid cola grass (9.16 kg/cow). The milk production per area, with had mean of 27.8 kg/ha x day(-1), was not affected by the forage grasses because the more high stocking rate of pojuca grass, although not significant, compensated the lower individual production.