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Rice Flag Leaf Physiology, Organ and Canopy Temperature in Response to Water Stress

Rice Flag Leaf Physiology, Organ and Canopy Temperature in Response to Water Stress

Plant Production Science 15(2): 92-99

Using two rice cultivars, the effect of severe, mild and no water stress, W3, W2 and W1, respectively, on flag leaf physiology, the ecological characteristics of canopy and organ temperatures were studied in 2008 and 2009. The grain yield was reduced under W3 due to decreased seed setting rate and 1000 grain weight but not under W2. Water stress had a significant effect on the flag leaf physiological characteristics along with the soluble sugar and amino proline content. Catalase and peroxidase activities, photosynthetic and transpiration rates, and stomatal conductance in W2 were significantly higher than in W3 and similar to those in W1. The organ and canopy temperatures were significantly higher in W3 than in either W1 or W2, and there was no significant difference between W1 and W2. This study clearly showed that water stress had a significant effect on leaf physiology, temperature of organs and canopy. Mild water stress (soil water potential maintained at -15- -20 kPa) could construct a population that is water-saving and resistant to heat stress. This facilitates access to a high yield as well.

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Accession: 066260313

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DOI: 10.1626/pps.15.92

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