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Effect of nutrients level and source on feed intake, nutrients digestibility, rumen profile, blood metabolites and growth in Bhadawari buffalo female calves



Effect of nutrients level and source on feed intake, nutrients digestibility, rumen profile, blood metabolites and growth in Bhadawari buffalo female calves



Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 84(4): 442-446



In a nutritional experiment 15 Bhadawari female calves (77.47 +/- 6.92 kg; 11.0 months age) divided equally into 3 dietary groups (G(1), G(2) and G(3)) were fed wheat straw- berseem- concentrate mixture (CM) based diets to evaluate the response of dietary protein and energy concentrations on intake, nutrients digestibility, rumen metabolites and growth. Calves in G(1) were offered were offered wheat straw, berseem and concentrate mixture to meet protein and energy requirements (ICAR 1985), while in G(2) and G(3) calves were given 25% less nutrients than G(1). In G(2) 50% of CM was replaced with green berseem, while in G(3) 100% of CM was replaced with berseem and given 500 g maize grain as energy source. In G(1), G(2) and G(3) protein was met through CM: berseem (75: 25), CM: berseem (50: 50) and berseem (100%), respectively. DMI (g/kg w(0.75)) was 86.97, 77.47 and 79.18 in G(1), G(2) and G(3), respectively. DM, CP, NDF, ADF and cellulose digestibility of calves on different diets was similar. Nitrogen metabolites concentration in rumen liquor of calves was higher in G(1) than G(2) and G(3), while TVFA concentration was 100.0, 110.0 and 90.0 meq/l in G(1), G(2) and G(3), respectively. Total protozoa counts were comparable, while sporangia counts in rumen liquor of buffalo calves were higher in G(1) than G(3). Blood glucose, protein and urea were similar in calves of all the groups. Calves growth rate was higher in G(1) than G(2) and G(3). Dietary DCP and ME contents were similar, while feed and nutrients conversion ratio for body weight gain was relatively lower for G(1) than other dietary groups. Study showed that there was no significant effect of levels and sources of nutrients from the present diets on calves' intake, nutrients digestibility and growth rate, however rumen liquor N contents and, sporangia counts - were higher in G(1) than G(2) and G(3) groups.

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