+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Effects of energy supplementation to neonatal (very) low birth weight piglets on mortality, weaning weight, daily weight gain and colostrum intake



Effects of energy supplementation to neonatal (very) low birth weight piglets on mortality, weaning weight, daily weight gain and colostrum intake



Livestock Science 183: 48-53



Pre-weaning piglet mortality is an important economic and welfare problem in the commercial pig industry. Energy deficit is one of the main pre-disposing risk factors for piglet mortality. Management strategies, such as energy supplementation to neonatal piglets, may reduce pre-weaning mortality. In practice, energy supplementation might be implemented in the farrowing management. Energy supplements may provide energy to neonatal piglets as well as improve their colostrum intake. Therefore, the present study investigated the effect of a commercial energy supplement (Vigorol (R)) to neonatal low birth weight piglets on mortality, weaning weight, daily weight gain as well as the effect on colostrum intake. In the treatment group, 72 very low (VLBW < 1.00 kg) and 77 low (1 kg <= LBW <= 1.20 kg) birth weight piglets out of 306 total live born piglets from 22 litters were orally supplemented at birth and 8-12 h after birth. In the control group, 81 VLBW and 74 LBW piglets out of 340 total live born piglets from 24 litters were not supplemented. Mortality till day 3 was lower (p < 0.001) and tended to be lower (p=0.07) in supplemented versus control VLBW and LBW piglets, respectively. In general, mortality till day 3 also tended to be lower (p = 0.06) in supplemented piglets. Mortality till day 7 (p < 0.001) and day 21 (p < 0.001) remained lower in supplemented VLBW piglets. No difference was observed regarding LBW and overall mortality till day 7 (p=0.64; p=0.24) and day 21 (p=0.61; p = 0.23). Weaning weights were lower (p = 0.04) in the treatment than in the control group. Daily weight gain (p=0.42), colostrum intake (p=0.56), nor colostrum yield (p=0.21) differed between the groups. Colostrum intake was numerically (p=0.53) more uniform among litter mates in the treatment versus the control group. This study demonstrated that energy supplementation to neonatal (V)LBW piglets is a way of reducing piglet mortality by providing direct energy, rather than by improving (the uniformity of) colostrum intake.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066309694

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/j.livsci.2015.11.015


Related references

Piglets' colostrum intake associates with daily weight gain and survival until weaning. Livestock Science 162: 185-192, 2014

Relationship between birth order, birth weight, colostrum intake, acquisition of passive immunity and pre-weaning mortality of piglets. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 15(2): e0603, 2017

Effect of doubling daily energy intake during the last two weeks of pregnancy on pig birth weight, survival and weaning weight. Journal of Animal Science 52(3): 535-541, 1981

Exploratory study of the effects of intra-uterine growth retardation and neonatal energy supplementation of low birth-weight piglets on their post-weaning cognitive abilities. Animal Cognition 22(3): 373-385, 2019

Sire breed effects for calf birth weight weaning weight and average daily gain. Journal of Animal Science 66(Suppl. 1): 228, 1988

Environmental effects and correction and factors in nellore cattle for birth weight weaning weight and pre weaning weight gain. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia 16(1): 14-27, 1987

Birth weight, weaning weight and pre-weaning pig mortality rate of local and improved piglets of coastal Karnataka region. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 74(1): 110-112, 2004

Modeling the impact of prepregnancy BMI, physical activity, and energy intake on gestational weight gain, infant birth weight, and postpartum weight retention. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 9(7): 1020-1029, 2012

Effects of liveweight gain during pregnancy of 15-month-old Angus heifers on dystocia and birth weight, body dimensions, estimated milk intake and weaning weight of the calves. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 51(2): 171-180, 2008

Birth weight, weaning weight and daily gain in Jersey and its crosses in Egypt. Agricultural Research Review 53(7): 17-27, 1975

Some factors affecting birth weight, preweaning daily gain and weaning weight in Guzerat cattle. Veterinaria, Mexico 13(3): 163, 1982

Performance of low birth-weight piglets upon protein-energy and/or colostrum supplementation. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinaria E Zootecnia 70(4): 1293-1300, 2018

Influence of birth weight of piglets on weaning weight, mortality and disorders. Tierarztliche Umschau 54(7): 372...377, 1999

Effect of birth weight of piglets on litter size and weight at weaning and on mortality during the suckling period. Sto-carstvo. 25: 21-24; 41-42, 1971

Birth weight as a risk factor for perinatal lamb mortality, and the effects of stage of pregnant ewe supplementation and gestation weight gain in Ethiopian Menz sheep. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 19(1): 45-56, 1994