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Genetic Diversity Studies in Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) in Kolhapur REGION OF MAHARASHTRA

Genetic Diversity Studies in Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) in Kolhapur REGION OF MAHARASHTRA

Bangladesh Journal of Botany 45(3): 459-464

ISSN/ISBN: 0253-5416

Genetic diversity was assessed in 40 genotypes of chickpea using Mahalanobis's D-2 statistics. Ten quantitative characters including grain yield were considered for the study. D-2 values between all possible pairs of 40 genotypes ranged from 23.23 to 1654.86 and seven clusters were formed with cluster II accommodating maximum 23 genotypes followed by cluster I with 11 genotypes and cluster IV with 2 genotypes. However, the cluster III, V, VI and VIT were mono-genotypic indicating wide divergence from other clusters. The character 100 seed weight was the maximum contributor towards divergence (61.54%) followed by number of pods/plant (15.00%), days to 50 per cent flowering and seed yield/plant (6.92%), number of secondary branches (4.23%), number of seeds/pod (2.18%), protein content (1.55%) and number of primary branches (0.64%). The days to maturity and height of the plant (0.51%) were the lowest contributor towards divergence. On the basis of inter cluster distances, cluster means, per se performance observed in the present study the six genotypes viz., IC-83429, Vishal, Vijay, IC-83397, IC-83340 and IC-83523 were found to be superior genotypes for further breeding programme.

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Accession: 066320724

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