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Abundance of Collembola (Arthropoda: Hexapoda) and Interaction With EDAPHIC PARAMETERS, IN THE RICE (Oryza sativa L., POACEAE) AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEM, IN PANAMA


Abundance of Collembola (Arthropoda: Hexapoda) and Interaction With EDAPHIC PARAMETERS, IN THE RICE (Oryza sativa L., POACEAE) AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEM, IN PANAMA



Interciencia 42(2): 88-93



ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1844

The relative abundance (%) of Collembolla was determined along with its correlation with soil organic matter, humidity and pH, in three rice growing locations, in Panama. The experimental plots were cultivated with the IDIAP-38 rice variety, without previous anthropic intervention. The random recollection of 30 samples in 1000cm(3) from soils of each experimental plots was performed at 70 days after seeding. The samples were processed using a Berlese funnel and the Collembola individuals were identified and quantified to family level. The assessed edaphic variables were determined through principal component analysis (PCA) and represented by means of the explanation of the total data variance. The correlation between the Collembola families and the selected soil parameters was analyzed by means of the Spearman test (r(S); p < 0.05). The total number of collected individuals was 28 249, distributed in nine families, and presented statistical differences between the three sampled areas. The organic matter and the soil humidity presented positive interactions with the families Isotomidae, Sminthuridae and Sminthurididae, which were considered dominant for these crops. The reduced reported populations of Brachystomellidae, Entomobryidae, Dycirtomidae, Hypogastruridae, Onychiuridae and Paronellidae families suggest the vulnerability of the studied edaphic variables, lower than 10%.

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Accession: 066330071

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