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Intensive production systems of fig (Ficus carica L.) under greenhouse conditions

Intensive production systems of fig (Ficus carica L.) under greenhouse conditions

Experimental Agriculture 53(3): 339-350

ISSN/ISBN: 0014-4797

DOI: 10.1017/s0014479716000405

The worldwide cultivation of fig (Ficus carica L.) has achieved great economic importance, mainly, due to its important role as a food supplement. This situation has generated great interest in researching its methods of production, processing and conservation. The objective of this research was to evaluate six intensive production systems of fig in hydroponic and greenhouse conditions. The experimental phase started on November 15, 2010 and was completed in September 2011. Production systems were established by varying the number of productive stems between three and eight in each plant, with densities of 1.25 plants m(-2). A completely experimental - randomized design was used with five replications, with a pot and a plant as an experimental unit. The results indicate that the highest yielding of fresh fruit was presented by eight productive stems (109.5 t ha(-1)), this one outperformed the seven productive stems (94.8 t ha(-1)) in 13.3% and six productive stems (78.6 t ha(-1)), at 26.8%. The handling of productive stems allowed an increase in the leaf area index, harvest index and fruit yielding. These results suggest that intensive production in hydroponic and greenhouse conditions of fig is an excellent alternative production, allowing to collect up to 20 times of fresh fruit yielding in relation to the plantations in the open field.

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